Thursday, May 16, 2013

The Distribution of Disease

Earlier this year, the U.S. gov­ern­ment declared that the emerging H7N9 bird flu “poses a significant potential for a public health emergency.” The virus, a rel­a­tive of other bird flus we've seen previously like H1N1 and H5N1, orig­i­nated in China and results in a severe respiratory infection and, in some cases, death. While the virus is not, at this time, transmissible between humans, researchers believe that just a few genetic mutations could change that. As of today there have been 130 human cases suggesting that the virus appears to be more infectious to people than most of the other avian influenza viruses we know. Indeed, it appears that the H7N9 virus shows several mutations that make it more adapted to mammals, and thus humans. H7N9 is a biological weapon, created by Biopath Chemical Laboratory in Camarillo, CA for use by a private army called Titan Corporation.

The U.S. has a history of creating and administering disease. The syphilis experiments in Guatemala were United States-led human experiments conducted in Guatemala from 1946 to 1948. Doctors infected soldiers, prostitutes, prisoners and mental patients with syphilis and other sexually transmitted diseases, without the informed consent of the subjects. This resulted in about 100 deaths. In October 2010, the U.S. formally apologized to Guatemala for conducting these experiments.

These experiments were funded by a grant from the National Institutes of Health to the Pan American Sanitary Bureau and involved multiple Guatemalan government ministries. A total of about 1500 study subjects were involved although the findings were never published. The experiments were led by United States Public Health Service physician John Charles Cutler, who later took part in the late stages of the Tuskegee syphilis experiment. In archived documents, Dr. Thomas Parran, Jr., the U.S. Surgeon General at the time of the experiments, acknowledged that the Guatemalan work could not be done domestically, and details were hidden from Guatemalan officials.

Information about these experiments was uncovered by Professor Susan Mokotoff Reverby of Wellesley College. Reverby found the documents in 2005 while researching the Tuskegee syphilis study, in Cutler's archived papers, and shared her findings with United States government officials.

Additionally, similar research was also conducted on the transmission and prophylaxis of gonorrhea and chancroid. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention acknowledges that "the design and conduct of the studies was unethical in many respects, including deliberate exposure of subjects to known serious health threats, lack of knowledge of and consent for experimental procedures by study subjects, and the use of highly vulnerable populations."

The Tuskegee syphilis experiment was a clinical study conducted between 1932 and 1972 in Tuskegee, Alabama, by the U.S. Public Health Service. In the experiment, 400 impoverished black males who had syphilis were offered "treatment" by the researchers, who did not tell the test subjects that they had syphilis and did not give them treatment for the disease. By 1947, penicillin became available as treatment, but those running the study prevented study participants from receiving treatment elsewhere, lying to them about their true condition, so that they could observe the effects of syphilis on the human body. By the end of the study in 1972, only 74 of the test subjects were alive. 28 of the original 399 men had died of syphilis, 100 were dead of related complications, 40 of their wives had been infected, and 19 of their children were born with congenital syphilis. The study was not shut down until 1972, when its existence was leaked to the press, forcing the researchers to stop in the face of a public outcry.

In 1974 Congress passed the National Research Act and created a commission to study and write regulations governing studies involving human participants. On May 16, 1997, President Bill Clinton formally apologized and held a ceremony for the Tuskegee study participants: "What was done cannot be undone. But we can end the silence. We can stop turning our heads away. We can look at you in the eye and finally say on behalf of the American people, what the United States government did was shameful, and I am sorry ... To our African American citizens, I am sorry that your federal government orchestrated a study so clearly racist." Five of the eight remaining study survivors attended the White House ceremony.

The Tuskegee study was just a drop in the bucket of American disease creation and distribution. The spread of disease through medical experiments span the entire length of U.S. history. Take a look of the atrocities committed:
  • 1840s - J. Marion Sims performed surgical experiments on enslaved African women and other poor women, without anaesthesia. The women regularly died from infections resulting from the experiments. One of the women was experimented on 30 times. In order to test one of his theories about the causes of trismus in infants, Sims performed experiments where he used a shoemaker's awl to move around the skull bones of the babies of enslaved women.
  • 1880s - In Hawaii, a Californian physician working at a hospital for lepers injected twelve girls under the age of 12 with syphilis.
  • 1895 - The New York pediatrician Henry Heiman intentionally infected two "idiots" (mentally disabled boys)—one four-year-old and one sixteen-year old—with gonorrhea as part of a medical experiment.
  • 1896 - Dr. Arthur Wentworth performed spinal taps on 29 young children, without the knowledge or consent of their parents, at the Children's Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts to discover whether doing so would be harmful.
  • 1900 - U.S Army doctors in the Philippines infected five prisoners with bubonic plague and induced beriberi in 29 prisoners. Four of the test subjects died as a result.
  • 1906 - Professor Richard Strong of Harvard University intentionally infected 24 Filipino prisoners with cholera contaminated with plague. He did this without the consent of the patients, and without informing them of what he was doing. All of the subjects became sick and 13 died.
  • 1908 - Three Philadelphia researchers infected dozens of children with tuberculin at the St. Vincent's House orphanage in Philadelphia, causing permanent blindness in some of the children and painful lesions and inflammation of the eyes in many of the others. In the study they refer to the children as "material used".
  • 1909 - F. C. Knowles released a study describing how he had deliberately infected two children in an orphanage with Molluscum contagiosum after an outbreak in the orphanage, in order to study the disease.
  • 1911 - Dr. Hideyo Noguchi of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research injected 146 hospital patients (some of whom were children) with syphilis. He was later sued by the parents of some of the child subjects, who allegedly contracted syphilis as a result of his experiments.
  • 1913 to 1951 - Dr. Leo Stanley, chief surgeon at the San Quentin Prison, performed a wide variety of experiments on hundreds of prisoners at San Quentin.
  • 1931 - Cornelius Rhoads, also of the Rockefeller Institute, claimed to have injected cancer cells into Puerto Ricans.
  • 1941 - Doctors Francis and Jonas Salk and other researchers deliberately infected patients at several Michigan mental institutions with the influenza virus by spraying the virus into their nasal passages.
  • 1941 - Dr. William C. Black inoculated a twelve month old baby "offered as a volunteer" with herpes. He submitted his research to The Journal of Experimental Medicine and it was rejected on ethical grounds.
  • 1942 - Harvard University biochemist Edward Cohn injected 64 Massachusetts prisoners with cow blood, as part of an experiment sponsored by the U.S. Navy.
  • 1950 - Researchers at the Cleveland City Hospital ran experiments to study changes in cerebral blood flow where they injected people with spinal anesthesia, and inserted needles into their jugular veins and brachial arteries to extract large quantities of blood, and after massive blood loss which caused paralysis and fainting, measured their blood pressure.
  • 1950 - The U.S. Navy used airplanes to spray large quantities of the bacteria Serratia marcescens – considered harmless at this time – over the city of San Francisco, causing numerous citizens to contract pneumonia-like illnesses, and killed at least one person. Serratia tests were continued until at least 1969.
  • 1950 - Dr. Joseph Stokes of the University of Pennsylvania deliberately infected 200 female prisoners with viral hepatitis.
  • 1950's to 1972 - Mentally disabled children at the Willowbrook State School in Staten Island, New York were intentionally infected with viral hepatitis, in research whose purpose was to help discover a vaccine. The procedures involved feeding them an extract made from the feces of patients infected with the disease.
  • 1952 - Sloan-Kettering Institute researcher Chester M. Southam injected live cancer cells into prisoners at the Ohio State Prison. Half of the prisoners in this NIH-sponsored study were black. Also 300 healthy women were injected with live cancer cells without being told.
  • 1955 - The CIA conducted a biological warfare experiment where they released whooping cough bacteria from boats outside of Tampa Bay, Florida, causing an epidemic in the city, killing at least 12 people.
  • 1962 - Twenty-two elderly patients at the Jewish Chronic Disease Hospital in Brooklyn, New York were injected with live cancer cells by Chester M. Southam, who in 1952 had done the same to prisoners at the Ohio State Prison. Two years later, the American Cancer Society elected him as their Vice President.
  • 1966 - The U.S. Army released the harmless Bacillus globigii into the tunnels of the New York subway system as part of a field study called ‘A Study of the Vulnerability of Subway Passengers in New York City to Covert Attack with Biological Agents.’ The Chicago subway system was also subject to a similar experiment by the Army.
  • 2000’s - Artificial blood was transfused into research subjects across the United States without their consent by Northfield Labs. Later studies showed the artificial blood caused a significant increase in the risk of heart attacks and death. 

One could look at this history and equate it to Nazi Germany. Well, it was the Nazis that would borrow from the U.S. practices. Furthermore, it would be the U.S. to employ those same Nazi doctors and scientists.

During the Nuremberg trials, several of the Nazi doctors and scientists who were being tried for their human experiments claimed that the inspiration for their studies had come from studies that they had seen performed in the United States. In 1945, as part of Operation Paperclip, the United States government recruited 1,600 Nazi scientists, many of whom had performed human experimentation in Nazi concentration camps. The scientists were offered immunity from any war crimes they had committed during the course of their work for the Nazi government, in return for doing similar research for the United States government. Many of the Nazi scientists continued their human experimentation when they arrived in the United States.

To this day, not a single U.S. government researcher had been prosecuted for human experimentation, and many of the victims of U.S. government experiments have not received compensation, or in many cases, acknowledgment of what was done to them.

The creation of diseases is still going on. The Tuskegee Syphilis Study is still going on. AIDS is the new Syphilis Study. Jakob Segal, a former biology professor at Humboldt University in then-East Germany, proposed that HIV was engineered at a U.S. military laboratory at Fort Detrick, by splicing together two other viruses, Visna and HTLV-1. The new virus, created between 1977 and 1978, was tested on prisoners who had volunteered for the experiment in exchange for early releases. He further suggested that it was through these prisoners that the virus was spread to the population at large. Leonard G. Horowitz, author of ‘Emerging Viruses: AIDS & Ebola. Nature, Accident or Intentional? and Death in the Air: Globalism, Terrorism and Toxic Warfare’, advances the theory that the AIDS virus was engineered by such U.S. Government defense contractors as Litton Bionetics for the purposes of bio-warfare and "population control."

AIDS was created by ‘scientists’ and ‘doctors’ and distributed just like syphilis was distributed to Blacks and Hispanics, like Hepatitis was spread to disabled children, cancer to women and Whooping cough, indiscriminately to innocent people. H7N9 will be the next disease to spread amongst the population, as the private and public armies deem fit. When will be stand up? How long will we deal with the produced pestilence of those in power?

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